For gamers of a certain age, the name Cyan Worlds carries with it no small amount of reverence. In 1993, the Washington-based studio upended the industry with the release of the massively popular Myst, and then followed that up with an even more successful sequel: Riven.
In 2016, Cyan successfully Kickstarted a spiritual successor to Myst and Riven, called Obduction, to the tune of USD$1.3 million. We sat down with the venerable Rand Miller, co-creator and co-designer of Myst, to discuss the company’s next project: Firmament.
Like Obduction, Firmament is being funded on Kickstarter. Unlike Obduction, which had a VR mode added post-launch, Firmament is being built from the ground up with VR support in mind.
OnlySP: Your Kickstarter pitch begins with the words “Firmament is the next step in the evolution of Cyan.” Could you elaborate on what this means? What is at the core of the company philosophy, and what is the evolution of Cyan?
Rand Miller: We think that our little niche is building complex, evocative spaces that feel authentic and real (or surreal). We started with simple, hand-drawn, black-and-white worlds, and we’ve evolved along with technology to make our world-space more and more convincing and immersive. So, all that is to say that VR is another step in that technological evolution that we get to embrace.
OnlySP: You’ve been very clear about the fact that Firmament is built from the ground up for VR. How does that manifest in practice, in actual moment-to-moment gameplay?
Miller: Yeah, so disclaimer first—Firmament is still a wonderful “flat screen” experience, too. Building for VR doesn’t mean we leave the flat behind. The interesting thing about designing for VR is that it causes us to rethink the interface. We feel that one of the most advanced and yet simple breakthroughs in VR is giving players hands. That’s because you don’t need instructions to know what to do with hands—you know how they work. That’s exciting to us because in many ways it gets back to our roots of a very intuitive interface that just feels natural. That’s what we want for Firmament.
OnlySP: Obduction was Cyan’s first VR-compatible title, and support was added post-launch. What did you learn about VR from Obduction‘s VR implementation?
Miller: Wow, so much! We learned how much accurate scale matters, how to optimize for VR, the complexity of intuitive hand interfaces, how comfort levels vary between players, what interactive devices are hard to operate… I could go on with more and more specific items. It was an amazing learning experience.
OnlySP: What made you decide to build your next game for VR from the ground up, and not as a post-launch update?
Miller: All of those things I listed in the previous question. Once you’ve learned the hard way, you want to take advantage of everything you learned. And it’s much easier to design for VR and simultaneously adjust for monitors. Post, although sometimes necessary, can make things much more difficult.
OnlySP: Do you think developers have solved most of the basic gameplay questions the industry has grappled with since the VR renaissance (locomotion and motion sickness, preserving agency and consistency of storytelling, etc.)? If not, what do you think are the biggest issues we have yet to tackle?
Miller: VR is exciting to me because of just how many variables there are. There are so many ways to do anything and everything that it’s invigorating—it feels like everybody gets a chance to try a new method or technique. The most confounding and therefore interesting gameplay issue to me still for VR is locomotion. Teleportation is filling the gap, but it seems like there will be better and better ways to move around in these worlds we’re building.
OnlySP: You have highlighted the fact that unlike Myst and Obduction, Firmament isn’t an entirely solitary experience. You’ll be exploring the world with a silent clockwork companion that aids in the solving of puzzles. Is the little fellow intended solely as a tool, or is the goal to nurture a bond between the player and the companion?
Miller: We hope you form a bond—like a shepherding dog is both a marvelous tool and a loved and trusted companion.
OnlySP: Firmament’s Kickstarter page describes the game as “the beginning of an exciting new Cyan universe.” Does this imply that more games set in this universe may be on the horizon in the future?
Miller The Firmament narrative is one of the most interesting that we’ve done. It’s got a wonderful base story, that the player (of course) picks up quickly, and then some… I can’t… I really want to give more details, but… it’ll be so much fun to watch people uncover the story. 😉
OnlySP: For now, all the focus on Firmament, but Cyan’s place in history is irrevocably tied to Myst. Is Myst entirely in the rear-view mirror at this point? We remember murmurs of a TV show not long ago…
Miller: Myst is definitely not in the rear-view mirror. We feel refreshed from Obduction already. Firmament is so much fun that we wanted to give it a chance to come to life, but beyond Firmament there are some really exciting potential developments on the Myst horizon.
Despite its impressive legacy, or perhaps because of it, Cyan continues to look boldly to the future with Firmament. If that future comes to pass, Cyan promises gamers a deeply immersive narrative adventure that harks back to and is informed by that great legacy.
To learn more about Firmament, be sure to have a look at the game’s Kickstarter page. For updates and continued coverage, be sure to follow OnlySP on Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube. You can also join the discussion in our community Discord server.